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Atum was the primeval sun god and creator of the world.
He represents the setting sun.
Later he was combined with Ra as the god Atum-Ra.
According to the myths, Atum rose from the waters of chaos (Nun) and created all the gods.
Atum created the deities Shu and Tefnut.
His main cult center was at Heliopolis, where he was the head of the Ennead cult.
As the father of the pharaoh, he played an important part in the coronation rites.
Atum was shown as a man symbolizing the setting sun, a scarab, a snake,
and a mangust (pharaoh hat).
His sacred animals were the bull, the snake, lizard, lion and ichneumon.
In the Memphite creation myth Atum was conceived in the heart of Ptah
and was created by his word. "He who completes, or perfects."