(aka Re, Prah)
Ra is the son God from very early times.
He took on many of the
attributes and even the names of other gods as
Egyptian myths evolved.
example of this is the god Ra and Amun merging to become Amun-Ra
and Horus combining to become Ra-Harakhty (see below).
Father of the first divine couple, Shu and Tefnut.
Grandfather of Geb and Nut, whose
children were Osiris and Isis, Seth and Nephthys.
Called the creator and father of all things, he was chief
of the cosmic deities.
Early Egyptian kings alleged descent from him.
The most important Egyptian god during most of Egyptian history was Ra,
the god of the sun.
For the sun itself
powerfully represented the stability and underlying rationality
of the universe in its stable and regular journey
through the sky during the day
and through the Underworld during the night.
Ra was swallowed every night by the sky goddess Nut,
and was reborn every morning.
The painting shows the journey of Ra, traveling through the Underworld in his solar barque,
he undertakes every night.
Ra-Horakhty was a combination of the gods
Horus and Ra.
Horus was a god of the sky, and Ra was the god
of the sun.
Thus, Ra-Horakhty was thought of as
the god of the rising sun.